Tips Updates
MLB
Players
Teams
Leagues
Draft
Boxscores
Minor Leagues
College
People
Extra Bases
Applications
About

Ozzie Smith1985 Batting Game Log
Follow TBC on Twitter and Facebook


Ozzie Smith
Day by Day batting log for the 1985 season for Ozzie Smith. Batting streaks of 10 or more games are highlighted in teh STRK column in Green.

Teams St. Louis Cardinals (158) -- Stats
PositionSS
Age this Season30MLB Years1978-1996

Player Page -- 1985 Splits -- 1985 Batting Detail -- Feats -- Stat Log -- Positions by Day -- About Boxscore Data

 

1985 Batting Game Log

Top Started Game Multihit Game Doubles Triples Home Runs Stolen Bases Home Games Away Games
Game DateWkdyTeamG#OppStarting PitcherThH/AD/NW-LResultBox+PBPLnAgePosG#cG#StrkGSABRH2B3BHRRBISBCSBBSOHPSHSFIBBGDPAVGOBPSLGOPSPITSTRBALFOCASWInPl
1985-04-09TueSLN1NYNDwight GoodenRADL5-6box - pbp830.104ss11007115121------------.400.400.6001.000-------
1985-04-11ThuSLN2NYNRon DarlingLADL1-2box - pbp830.106ss21008-13--------1------.250.333.375.708-------
1985-04-12FriSLN3PITLarry McWilliamsRANL4-6box - pbp830.107ss31009-131-------1------.182.308.273.580-------
1985-04-13SatSLN4PITLee TunnellRANL3-4box - pbp830.108ss41010-14---------1-----.133.235.200.435-------
1985-04-14SunSLN5PITRick RhodenRADW10-4box - pbp830.109ss5101111411---1---------.158.238.211.449-------
1985-04-15MonSLN6MONBill GullicksonRHNW6-1box - pbp830.110ss6101221322--11---------.227.292.409.701-------
1985-04-17WedSLN7MONJoe HeskethLHNL1-2box - pbp830.112ss71013-13---------1-----.200.259.360.619-------
1985-04-18ThuSLN8MONSteve RogersRHDL1-7box - pbp830.113ss8101411411-------------.207.258.345.603-------
1985-04-19FriSLN9PITRick RhodenRHNW5-4box - pbp830.114ss9101521311---------1---.219.265.344.608-------
1985-04-20SatSLN10PITLee TunnellRHNW4-3box - pbp830.115ss101016314-1---1--------1.222.263.333.596-------
1985-04-21SunSLN11PITJose DeLeonRHDW6-0box - pbp830.116ss111017414-1-1-----------.225.262.375.637-------
1985-04-22MonSLN12NYNCalvin SchiraldiLHNL6-7box - pbp830.117ss12101851231----1-2------.238.304.381.685-------
1985-04-23TueSLN13NYNBruce BerenyiRHNW8-3box - pbp830.118ss131019-121-----1-2------.227.320.364.684-------
1985-04-24WedSLN14NYNDwight GoodenRHDW5-1box - pbp830.119ss141020-13--------1----1-.213.315.340.655-------
1985-04-25ThuSLN15MONBill GullicksonRADL2-4box - pbp830.120ss151021-14--------------1.196.293.314.607-------
1985-04-26FriSLN16MONDavid PalmerRADL5-10box - pbp830.121ss161022-13---------------.185.279.296.575-------
1985-04-27SatSLN17MONJoe HeskethLADL3-8box - pbp830.122ss171023-13---------------.175.266.281.546-------
1985-04-28SunSLN18MONSteve RogersRADL3-5box - pbp830.123ss181024-12--------1------.169.269.271.540-------
1985-04-30TueSLN19LANJerry ReussRHNW6-1box - pbp830.125ss19102511412---1--------1.190.282.286.567-------
Game DateWkdyTeamG#OppStarting PitcherThH/AD/NW-LResultBox+PBPLnAgePosG#cG#StrkGSABRH2B3BHRRBISBCSBBSOHPSHSFIBBGDPAVGOBPSLGOPSPITSTRBALFOCASWInPl
1985-05-01WedSLN20LANOrel HershiserRHDL1-2box - pbp830.126ss201026214-1----1--------.194.280.284.564-------
1985-05-03FriSLN21SFNMike KrukowLHNW8-1box - pbp830.128ss211027314-11--1---------.197.278.296.574-------
1985-05-04SatSLN22SFNAtlee HammakerRHNW6-4box - pbp830.129ss221028414121------1-----.213.289.320.609-------
1985-05-05SunSLN23SFNDave LaPointRHDL0-5box - pbp830.130ss231029513-1-------------.218.291.321.611-------
1985-05-06MonSLN24SDNEric ShowRHNW5-2box - pbp830.131ss241030-13--------1----11.210.289.309.598-------
1985-05-07TueSLN25SDNDave DraveckyRHDL2-12box - pbp830.132ss251031-11--------1------.207.293.305.598-------
1985-05-08WedSLN26LANRick HoneycuttLANL2-5box - pbp830.133ss261032113-1-------1-----.212.295.306.601-------
1985-05-09ThuSLN27LANFernando ValenzuelaRANW5-4box - pbp830.134ss271033-131-------11-----.205.293.295.588-------
1985-05-10FriSLN28SFNDave LaPointRANW9-3box - pbp830.135ss281034112-1---11-2------.211.311.300.611-------
1985-05-11SatSLN29SFNBill LaskeyRADW9-4box - pbp830.136ss29103521222---2--2------.228.336.315.652-------
1985-05-12SunSLN30SFNJim GottRADL4-5box - pbp830.137ss30103631411--11---------.229.333.344.677-------
1985-05-14TueSLN31SDNAndy HawkinsLANL2-6box - pbp830.139ss311037414-1-------------.230.330.340.670-------
1985-05-15WedSLN32SDNLaMarr HoytRANW14-4box - pbp830.140ss32103851411---1---1-----.231.328.337.664-------
1985-05-17FriSLN33HOUBob KnepperRANW8-6box - pbp830.142ss331039613-1------1------.234.333.336.670-------
1985-05-18SatSLN34HOUNolan RyanRANL5-6box - pbp830.143ss341040714231--11--------.252.346.360.707-------
1985-05-19SunSLN35HOURon MathisLADL3-7box - pbp830.144ss351041-14---------------.243.336.348.684-------
1985-05-20MonSLN36ATLZane SmithRHNW14-0box - pbp230.145ss36104211211---11-1--1---.248.343.350.694-------
1985-05-21TueSLN37ATLLen BarkerRHNW6-3box - pbp230.146ss37104321423----1--------.264.355.364.719-------
1985-05-22WedSLN38ATLRick MahlerRHDW5-3box - pbp230.147ss381044-14---------------.256.345.352.697-------
1985-05-24FriSLN39CINMario SotoLANL6-7box - pbp730.149ss391045-15---------------.246.333.338.672-------
1985-05-25SatSLN40CINJay TibbsRANW6-4box - pbp730.150ss401046-14---------1-----.239.325.328.653-------
1985-05-26SunSLN41CINJohn StuperRADW7-2box - pbp730.151ss411047114-3---1---------.254.335.341.676-------
1985-05-28TueSLN42ATLLen BarkerRANW9-3box - pbp730.153ss421048215-2---1---------.259.338.343.680-------
1985-05-29WedSLN43ATLSteve BedrosianLANL3-5box - pbp730.154ss431049314-1-----1-------.259.335.340.676-------
1985-05-30ThuSLN44ATLRick MahlerRANW6-0box - pbp730.155ss441050414-1-------------.258.333.338.671-------
1985-05-31FriSLN45CINJohn StuperRHNW5-0box - pbp730.156ss451051513-1------1------.260.337.338.675-------
Game DateWkdyTeamG#OppStarting PitcherThH/AD/NW-LResultBox+PBPLnAgePosG#cG#StrkGSABRH2B3BHRRBISBCSBBSOHPSHSFIBBGDPAVGOBPSLGOPSPITSTRBALFOCASWInPl
1985-06-01SatSLN46CINTom BrowningRHDL3-9box - pbp730.157ss461052614-1-------1----1.259.335.335.671-------
1985-06-02SunSLN47CINJay TibbsRHDL3-8box - pbp730.158ss471053714-1-------------.259.333.333.667-------
1985-06-03MonSLN48HOUNolan RyanLHNW9-5box - pbp730.159ss481054-13--------11-----.255.332.327.659-------
1985-06-04TueSLN49HOUJoe NiekroRHNW6-1box - pbp730.160ss491055-14---------------.249.324.320.644-------
1985-06-05WedSLN50HOUBob KnepperRHNL3-8box - pbp730.161ss501056113-1-----1------1.250.325.320.644-------
1985-06-07FriSLN51NYNRon DarlingRANW7-2box - pbp730.163ss511057-16--------------1.242.315.309.624-------
1985-06-08SatSLN52NYNEd LynchLADW1-0box - pbp730.164ss521058-13---------------.238.310.304.614-------
1985-06-09SunSLN53NYNDwight GoodenRADL1-6box - pbp730.165ss531059114-21------------.243.314.314.627-------
1985-06-09SunSLN54NYNCalvin SchiraldiRADW8-2box - pbp730.165ss541060214-2-------------.249.317.317.635-------
1985-06-10MonSLN55PITRick RhodenRANW6-1box - pbp730.166ss55106131412---11--------.254.321.321.642-------
1985-06-11TueSLN56PITRick ReuschelRANL2-13box - pbp730.167ss561062-11---------------.253.319.320.639-------
1985-06-13ThuSLN57PITLarry McWilliamsLANW2-1box - pbp730.169ss571063-12--------1------.250.319.316.636-------
1985-06-14FriSLN58CHNDick RuthvenRADW11-10box - pbp730.170ss581064-141--------------.245.314.310.624-------
1985-06-15SatSLN59CHNRay FontenotRADW2-0box - pbp730.171ss591065113-2-----1-------.251.318.315.634-------
1985-06-16SunSLN60CHNDennis EckersleyRADW5-2box - pbp730.172ss601066213111--1-----1---.252.319.320.639-------
1985-06-18TueSLN61PHISteve CarltonLHNW6-2box - pbp730.174ss611067-11--------3------.251.326.319.645-------
1985-06-19WedSLN62PHIJerry KoosmanRHNL0-1box - pbp730.175ss621068-14---------1-----.246.321.313.633-------
1985-06-20ThuSLN63PHIKevin GrossRHNW5-0box - pbp730.176ss631069-14---------------.242.315.307.622-------
1985-06-21FriSLN64CHNDennis EckersleyRHNW7-5box - pbp730.177ss641070114-21--1---------.247.318.315.633-------
1985-06-22SatSLN65CHNRick SutcliffeRHNW2-1box - pbp730.178ss651071214121------------.251.321.323.644-------
1985-06-23SunSLN66CHNDick RuthvenLHDW7-0box - pbp730.179ss66107231312------1----1-.257.328.327.655-------
1985-06-25TueSLN67PHIJerry KoosmanRANL1-3box - pbp730.181ss671073-13---------------.253.324.323.647-------
1985-06-26WedSLN68PHIJohn DennyRANL4-6box - pbp730.182ss68107411411----1--1-----.253.323.322.645-------
1985-06-27ThuSLN69PHIShane RawleyRADW4-3box - pbp730.183ss691075214121-11---------.257.326.342.667-------
1985-06-28FriSLN70NYNEd LynchLHNW3-2box - pbp730.184ss701076313-1-------------.258.326.342.667-------
1985-06-29SatSLN71NYNRick AguileraRHNW6-0box - pbp230.185ss711077413-1---1-----1---.259.326.342.667-------
1985-06-30SunSLN72NYNDwight GoodenRHDW2-1box - pbp730.186ss721078514-1-------------.259.325.340.665-------
Game DateWkdyTeamG#OppStarting PitcherThH/AD/NW-LResultBox+PBPLnAgePosG#cG#StrkGSABRH2B3BHRRBISBCSBBSOHPSHSFIBBGDPAVGOBPSLGOPSPITSTRBALFOCASWInPl
1985-07-01MonSLN73MONFloyd YoumansRADL2-3box - pbp730.187ss731079613-1-1---11------.260.327.348.675-------
1985-07-02TueSLN74MONDavid PalmerLANW4-0box - pbp730.188ss741080-12--------1--1---.258.327.345.673-------
1985-07-04ThuSLN75LANRick HoneycuttRHDW3-2box - pbp730.190ss751081114121------------.262.330.352.681-------
1985-07-05FriSLN76LANJerry ReussRHNL1-4box - pbp730.191ss761082-13---------------.259.326.347.674-------
1985-07-06SatSLN77LANBob WelchRHDL3-8box - pbp730.192ss771083114-1-------------.259.325.346.671-------
1985-07-07SunSLN78LANOrel HershiserLHDW7-1box - pbp230.193ss781084213231--21-1--1---.267.334.357.692-------
1985-07-08MonSLN79SFNDave LaPointRHNW6-1box - pbp730.194ss791085314131--1---------.274.340.367.707-------
1985-07-09TueSLN80SFNBill LaskeyRHNW3-1box - pbp730.195ss801086414-11------------.274.339.369.707-------
1985-07-10WedSLN81SFNVida BlueRHNW7-3box - pbp730.196ss81108751312--12---1-----.278.342.383.725-------
1985-07-11ThuSLN82SDNMark ThurmondLHNW6-0box - pbp730.197ss82108861412----1--------.281.344.384.728-------
1985-07-12FriSLN83SDNLaMarr HoytRHNL0-2box - pbp730.198ss831089713-1-----1-------.282.344.384.728-------
1985-07-13SatSLN84SDNEd WojnaRHNW7-3box - pbp730.199ss84109081311-------11----.282.346.383.729-------
1985-07-14SunSLN85SDNEric ShowRHDW2-1box - pbp730.200ss851091913-1-------------.283.346.383.729-------
1985-07-18ThuSLN86LANOrel HershiserRANL1-2box - pbp730.204ss861092-14---------------.279.342.378.719-------
1985-07-19FriSLN87LANBob WelchRANL2-5box - pbp730.205ss871093-13---------------.276.338.374.712-------
1985-07-20SatSLN88LANFernando ValenzuelaLANL0-3box - pbp730.206ss881094-13---------------.273.335.370.705-------
1985-07-21SunSLN89LANJerry ReussRADW4-2box - pbp230.207ss891095-15---------------.269.330.364.694-------
1985-07-22MonSLN90SFNDave LaPointRADW4-3box - pbp230.208ss90109611511-------------.268.328.361.690-------
1985-07-25ThuSLN93SDNEric ShowRADW9-6box - pbp830.211ss911097-14---------------.264.325.357.681-------
1985-07-26FriSLN94SDNDave DraveckyRANW2-1box - pbp730.212ss921098115-2---11--------.266.326.357.683-------
1985-07-27SatSLN95SDNAndy HawkinsRADL0-2box - pbp730.213ss931099213-1-------------.267.326.357.683-------
1985-07-28SunSLN96SDNLaMarr HoytLADW4-2box - pbp830.214ss941100314-1-------1-----.267.325.356.681-------
1985-07-30TueSLN97CHNSteve EngelRADW11-3box - pbp730.216ss95110141311---1--1------.267.327.356.682-------
1985-07-31WedSLN98CHNRay FontenotRADL2-5box - pbp730.217ss961102514-11--1---------.267.326.357.683-------
Game DateWkdyTeamG#OppStarting PitcherThH/AD/NW-LResultBox+PBPLnAgePosG#cG#StrkGSABRH2B3BHRRBISBCSBBSOHPSHSFIBBGDPAVGOBPSLGOPSPITSTRBALFOCASWInPl
1985-08-01ThuSLN99CHNScott SandersonRADL8-9box - pbp830.218ss971103616-1-------1-----.265.323.354.677-------
1985-08-02FriSLN100PHICharles HudsonLHNW3-2box - pbp830.219ss98110471311---1---------.266.323.354.677-------
1985-08-03SatSLN101PHIJerry KoosmanRHNL4-6box - pbp730.220ss991105-13--------1----1-.264.323.351.673-------
1985-08-04SunSLN102PHIKevin GrossRHDL0-6box - pbp830.221ss1001106-13---------1-----.261.320.348.668-------
1985-08-05MonSLN103PHIShane RawleyRHNL1-9box - pbp730.222ss1011107-13---------------.259.318.345.662-------
1985-08-08ThuSLN104CHNScott SandersonLHNW8-0box - pbp830.225ss1021108-13---------------.257.315.342.657-------
1985-08-09FriSLN105PHICharles HudsonRANW5-4box - pbp830.226ss1031109-13--------1------.255.314.339.653-------
1985-08-10SatSLN106PHIJerry KoosmanRANW5-4box - pbp730.227ss1041110113-1----1-1------.256.316.339.655-------
1985-08-10SatSLN107PHIKevin GrossRANW13-4box - pbp830.227ss105111121523---1--1------.260.322.342.664-------
1985-08-12MonSLN109PITJim WinnLHNW8-1box - pbp830.229ss1061112312-1------1-1----.262.326.343.669-------
1985-08-13TueSLN110PITDon RobinsonRHNW6-5box - pbp830.230ss1071113413131---1-1----1-.268.333.351.684-------
1985-08-15ThuSLN111PITRick ReuschelRHDW3-1box - pbp830.232ss1081114-121-------1------.266.333.349.682-------
1985-08-15ThuSLN112PITBob WalkRHDW4-3box - pbp730.232ss1091115-14-----11-2------.263.333.346.678-------
1985-08-16FriSLN113MONBill LaskeyRHNW6-1box - pbp830.233ss1101116114131--1---------.268.337.353.689-------
1985-08-17SatSLN114MONFloyd YoumansLHNL4-5box - pbp830.234ss1111117-13------2-1------.266.336.350.686-------
1985-08-18SunSLN115MONJoe HeskethRHDL5-6box - pbp230.235ss112111811522---12--------.268.336.351.687-------
1985-08-20TueSLN116HOUMike ScottRANL2-17box - pbp830.237ss1131119-12---------------.267.335.349.684-------
1985-08-21WedSLN117HOUBob KnepperRANW7-4box - pbp730.238ss1141120114121------------.269.336.353.689-------
1985-08-22ThuSLN118HOUJoe NiekroLANW2-1box - pbp830.239ss1151121-14---------------.266.333.349.683-------
1985-08-23FriSLN119ATLCraig McMurtryRANW6-2box - pbp830.240ss1161122114-1-------------.266.333.348.681-------
1985-08-24SatSLN120ATLLen BarkerRANW7-0box - pbp830.241ss117112321312---2---------.269.335.351.685-------
1985-08-25SunSLN121ATLRick MahlerRADW5-2box - pbp830.242ss1181124-13--------1------.267.334.348.682-------
1985-08-26MonSLN122CINJay TibbsRANW3-0box - pbp830.243ss1191125-13-----1-----1---.265.332.345.677-------
1985-08-27TueSLN123CINAndy McGaffiganLANW6-4box - pbp830.244ss1201126114-1-------------.265.331.345.676-------
1985-08-28WedSLN124CINMario SotoRANL6-7box - pbp830.245ss121112721612---11--1-----.266.331.344.676-------
1985-08-30FriSLN125HOUMike ScottRHNL5-7box - pbp830.247ss1221128-131-----1-11-----.264.330.342.672-------
1985-08-31SatSLN126HOUBob KnepperRHNL1-3box - pbp730.248ss1231129113131----1-------.269.335.349.684-------
Game DateWkdyTeamG#OppStarting PitcherThH/AD/NW-LResultBox+PBPLnAgePosG#cG#StrkGSABRH2B3BHRRBISBCSBBSOHPSHSFIBBGDPAVGOBPSLGOPSPITSTRBALFOCASWInPl
1985-09-01SunSLN127HOUJoe NiekroLHDW5-0box - pbp830.249ss124113021311---1--1----1-.270.336.349.685-------
1985-09-02MonSLN128CINTom BrowningRHNL1-4box - pbp230.250ss1251131-14---------2----1.267.333.346.679-------
1985-09-03TueSLN129CINJay TibbsRHNW6-4box - pbp830.251ss1261132-14---------------.265.331.342.673-------
1985-09-04WedSLN130CINAndy McGaffiganRHNW4-3box - pbp830.252ss1271133113-1---1---------.265.331.342.673-------
1985-09-05ThuSLN131CHNSteve EngelRHNW6-1box - pbp730.253ss1281134213211-----1------.266.332.345.677-------
1985-09-06FriSLN132ATLRick MahlerLHNW8-0box - pbp830.254ss1291135-12--------21-----.265.333.343.676-------
1985-09-07SatSLN133ATLSteve BedrosianRHNL1-3box - pbp830.255ss1301136114-1---1--------1.264.333.342.675-------
1985-09-08SunSLN134ATLJoe JohnsonRHDL3-7box - pbp830.256ss131113721311-------------.265.333.342.675-------
1985-09-09MonSLN135CHNRay FontenotRHNL1-3box - pbp730.257ss1321138313-1-------------.265.333.342.675-------
1985-09-10TueSLN136NYNRon DarlingRANL4-5box - pbp830.258ss1331139413111-----1------.266.334.344.678-------
1985-09-11WedSLN137NYNDwight GoodenLANW1-0box - pbp830.259ss1341140-12-------12------.265.335.343.678-------
1985-09-12ThuSLN138NYNEd LynchRADL6-7box - pbp730.260ss135114111413----1--1-----.269.339.346.685-------
1985-09-13FriSLN139CHNSteve TroutRADW9-3box - pbp730.261ss1361142213-1---11-2------.269.341.346.687-------
1985-09-14SatSLN140CHNRay FontenotRADW5-4box - pbp730.262ss1371143312121--12-2------.272.346.351.697-------
1985-09-15SunSLN141CHNSteve EngelRADW5-1box - pbp730.263ss1381144-12--------2--1-1-.271.347.350.697-------
1985-09-16MonSLN143PITRick RhodenLADW3-1box - pbp830.264ss1401146-13--------11---11.267.344.344.688-------
1985-09-16MonSLN142PITJose DeLeonLADW8-4box - pbp830.264ss1391145-14---------------.269.345.347.691-------
1985-09-17TueSLN144PITBob KipperRANW10-4box - pbp730.265ss141114711423--13--1------.271.348.354.702-------
1985-09-18WedSLN145PHIJohn DennyRANW7-0box - pbp830.266ss1421148-14---------1----2.269.346.351.697-------
1985-09-19ThuSLN146PHIDave RuckerRANL3-6box - pbp730.267ss1431149113-1---1------1--.269.345.351.696-------
1985-09-20FriSLN147MONDan SchatzederRHNW5-3box - pbp730.268ss144115021211---11-1--1---.270.347.352.698-------
1985-09-21SatSLN148MONBill GullicksonLHDW7-6box - pbp830.269ss1451151-12--------2------.269.348.350.698-------
1985-09-22SunSLN149MONFloyd YoumansRHDW6-5box - pbp830.270ss1461152114-1---1---------.269.347.349.696-------
1985-09-23MonSLN150PITBob WalkRHNW5-4box - pbp830.271ss1471153214-1---2---------.269.346.349.695-------
1985-09-24TueSLN151PITLee TunnellLHNW5-4box - pbp830.272ss1481154313121-----1----1-.271.349.352.702-------
1985-09-25WedSLN152PHICharles HudsonRHNW6-3box - pbp830.273ss1491155413-1----1-1------.272.350.352.703-------
1985-09-26ThuSLN153PHIKevin GrossLHNW5-0box - pbp830.274ss1501156-121-------2------.271.351.351.702-------
1985-09-28SatSLN154MONBill GullicksonRADL0-2box - pbp830.276ss1511157113-2----2--------.273.353.353.706-------
1985-09-28SatSLN155MONFloyd YoumansRADW4-2box - pbp830.276ss1521158215-2-------1-----.274.353.353.707-------
1985-09-29SunSLN156MONDan SchatzederLADL5-7box - pbp730.277ss153115931422--122--------.276.354.360.714-------
Game DateWkdyTeamG#OppStarting PitcherThH/AD/NW-LResultBox+PBPLnAgePosG#cG#StrkGSABRH2B3BHRRBISBCSBBSOHPSHSFIBBGDPAVGOBPSLGOPSPITSTRBALFOCASWInPl
1985-10-01TueSLN157NYNRon DarlingLHNL0-1box - pbp830.279ss1541160-14---------1----1.274.352.357.709-------
1985-10-02WedSLN158NYNDwight GoodenRHNL2-5box - pbp830.280ss155116111211------2----1-.275.355.358.713-------
1985-10-03ThuSLN159NYNRick AguileraRHNW4-3box - pbp830.281ss156116221422---1---------.276.356.359.715-------
1985-10-04FriSLN160CHNDennis EckersleyRHNW4-2box - pbp830.282ss157116331211-1-1--1----1-.277.357.363.720-------
1985-10-05SatSLN161CHNSteve TroutLHDW7-1box - pbp730.283ss1581164-13-----1---1--1--.276.355.361.716-------